Mixed monotonicity of partial first-in-first-out traffic flow models

S. Coogan, A. Kurzhanskiy, M. Arcak
IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2016


In vehicle traffic networks, congestion on one outgoing link of a diverging junction often impedes flow to other outgoing links, a phenomenon known as the first-in-first-out (FIFO) property. Simplified traffic models that do not account for the FIFO property result in monotone dynamics for which powerful analysis techniques exist. FIFO models are in general not monotone, but have been shown to be mixed monotone—a generalization of monotonicity that enables similarly powerful analysis techniques. In this paper, we study traffic flow models for which the FIFO property is only partial, that is, flows at diverging junctions exhibit a combination of FIFO and non-FIFO phenomena. We show that mixed monotonicity extends to this wider class of models and establish conditions that guarantee convergence to an equilibrium.