### Verification and control for finite-time safety of stochastic systems via barrier functions

C. Santoyo, M. Dutreix, S. Coogan

*IEEE Conference on Control Technology and Applications*, 2019

#### Abstract

This paper studies the problem of enforcing safety of a stochastic dynamical system over a finite time horizon. We use stochastic barrier functions as a means to quantify the probability that a system exits a given safe region of the state space in finite time. A barrier certificate condition that bounds the infinitesimal generator of the system, and hence bounds the expected value of the barrier function over the time horizon, is recast as a sum-of-squares optimization problem for efficient numerical computation. Unlike prior works, the proposed certificate condition includes a state-dependent bound on the infinitesimal generator, allowing for tighter probability bounds. Moreover, for stochastic systems for which the drift dynamics are affine-in-control, we propose a method for synthesizing polynomial state feedback controllers that achieve a specified probability of safety. Two case studies are presented that benchmark and illustrate the performance of our method.